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What crops benefit from Rhizophagus Irregularis symbiosis?

Rhizophagus Irregularis
Rhizophagus Irregularis

In the intricate dance of nature, a silent partner plays a crucial role in the thriving ecosystem of soil and plants – Rhizophagus Irregularis. This unassuming fungus has been forging symbiotic relationships with plants for eons, enhancing nutrient absorption and promoting overall crop health. Today, we delve into the world of Rhizophagus Irregularis symbiosis and uncover the crops that reap the bountiful benefits of this fascinating partnership.

Understanding Rhizophagus Irregularis:

Rhizophagus Irregularis, formerly known as Glomus intraradices, belongs to the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi family. Its name might be a mouthful, but its role is quite simple yet profound – forming a symbiotic bond with plant roots. This relationship involves a mutual exchange of resources, with the fungus enhancing the plant's ability to absorb essential nutrients, such as phosphorus and nitrogen, in return for carbohydrates produced through photosynthesis.

Crops that Thrive with Rhizophagus Irregularis Symbiosis:

1. Grains:

  • Wheat: Rhizophagus Irregularis has shown a remarkable ability to enhance wheat's phosphorus uptake, leading to improved grain yield and quality.

  • Rice: Paddy fields benefit from this symbiosis, as the fungus aids in nutrient absorption, particularly phosphorus, crucial for optimal rice growth.

2. Legumes:

  • Soybeans: Rhizophagus Irregularis has been found to boost soybean growth by facilitating nitrogen fixation, promoting healthier plant development.

  • Peas: The symbiotic relationship enhances nutrient availability, contributing to improved pea crop yields.

3. Fruits and Vegetables:

  • Tomatoes: Studies have shown that the presence of Rhizophagus Irregularis leads to increased fruit yield and enhanced resistance to certain soil-borne pathogens.

  • Strawberries: The symbiotic association contributes to better nutrient absorption, leading to healthier and more robust strawberry plants.

4. Root Vegetables:

  • Carrots and Potatoes: Rhizophagus Irregularis aids in the uptake of nutrients, especially phosphorus, resulting in better root development and increased tuber production.


5. Herbs:

  • Basil and Mint: These aromatic herbs benefit from the symbiotic relationship by experiencing improved growth and essential oil production.

Why Rhizophagus Irregularis Matters:

Increased Nutrient Absorption:

  • The fungus extends the reach of plant roots, enhancing their ability to absorb water and essential nutrients from the soil.

Drought Resistance:

  • Rhizophagus Irregularis helps plants cope with water stress by improving water-use efficiency, a valuable trait in arid and semi-arid regions.

Disease Resistance:

  • The symbiotic relationship has been linked to enhanced disease resistance in plants, offering a natural defense mechanism against certain pathogens.


In the intricate tapestry of agriculture, Rhizophagus Irregularis stands as a silent ally, fostering symbiotic relationships with a diverse array of crops. From grains to fruits, legumes to vegetables, the benefits of this fungal partnership are vast and impactful. As we continue to unravel the mysteries of soil-plant interactions, Rhizophagus Irregularis emerges as a key player in sustainable and resilient crop production, paving the way for a greener and more abundant future.


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